lunedì 30 ottobre 2017

inglese - distributive adjectives and pronouns

inglese - distributive adjectives and pronouns

each - every - everyone- every body every thing

every compared to all

technically every means a number of people or things considered inidvidually while all means a number of people or things considered as a Group. But in practice every and its  compounds are often used when  wr are thinking of  a Group.

each  (adjective and pronoun9 and every (adjective ) .

each means a nuumber of person of things considered individualy. Every can have this meaning but with every there is less emphasis
on the individual. Every man had a weapon  =  all the men had weapons  and implies that the speaker  counted the men  and the weapons and found  that he had the same number of eache. Each man had qa weapon implies that the speaker went to each man in turn and checked tha he had a weapo.

each is a pronoun ad adjective  each man knows what to do 

every is an adjective only  every man knows......

each can be used of two or more persons or things and is normally  used of small numbers every is not  normally used of very small numbers.

Both take a singular verb.  The possessive  adjective  is his/her/its.

For the reciprocal pronoun each other 

everyone / everybody  and everything (pronouns)

everyibe everybody + singular verb is normally preferred to all the people + plural verb  we say everyone is ready instead of  all the people are ready. There is  no difference between  everyone  and everybody.

everything is similarly preferred to all (the) things we say   every has been wasted.

The expressions all( the) people all (the) things  are possible  when followed by a phrase or a clause :

I got  all the things you asked for

Pronouns  and possessive adjectives with everyone/everybody and everything

As every one / everybody takes a singular verb the pronoun should be  he/him she /her  with possessive adjectives his and her. But this is only found in formal English. In ordinary conversation the plural forms they /them and their is used instead :

Has everyone got their books ?
Everyone enjoys it, don't they  ?
Eveyone likes their own way/ways of doing things

everything however has the pronoun it and possessive adjective.

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